Sexual assault is a form of abuse that involves one or more people forcing, coercing, and/or manipulating another person in order to gain sexual contact. Sexual assault can include rape (a forced sexual act that includes oral, anal or vaginal penetration.); unwanted touching, fondling, or kissing; forcing someone to look at or pose for pornographic material; or forced oral sex.
Sexual assault is a violent crime that involves power, aggression and control. Rape and sexual assault are never the victim/survivor’s fault. Sexual assault can happen anywhere, anytime of day, to anyone regardless of age, class, ethnicity, socio-economic status, sexuality or gender.
Across the United States…
It is estimated that 1 of every 6 women has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in her lifetime, according to the Rape Abuse Incest National Network (RAINN). This number is about 1 in 33 for American men. Approximately 15% of sexual assault and rape victims are under age 12.
According to RAINN, 73% of sexual assaults were perpetrated by a non-stranger, and more than 50% of all rape/sexual assault incidents were reported by victims to have occurred within 1 mile of their home or at their home. The average age of a rapist is 31 years old, and 52% are white. 22% of imprisoned rapists report that they are married.
5,660 primary victims of sexual assault received services from the 16 direct service sexual assault centers across the state in 2011: 4,782 Female and 878 Male. 3,184 secondary victims of sexual assault were served by these programs (including individuals other than the primary victims directly affected by the crime such as: significant others, children, friends, etc.). 6,010 emergency hotline calls were answered by these programs in 2011.
In 2011, according to the 16 Direct Service Rape Crisis Centers across SC, of the perpetrators that could be identified, 231 were female, 3280 were male, and the gender of 535 was unknown. Of these, 1,047 were friends or acquaintances, 785 were a parent or stepparent, and 318 were some other relative.
In 2011, across SC, there were 643 cases that involved both domestic violence and sexual assault. Within that same year, the 16 direct service sexual assault centers handled 1,492 cases that pertained to adult survivors of incest or childhood sexual trauma. Furthermore, 368 sexual assaults were known cases involving substance abuse. These cases can include alcohol, narcotics, and other drugs. These cases are otherwise known as alcohol-drug facilitated sexual assaults.