Intimate partner violence and gun violence in the U.S. are inextricably linked.

IPV and gun violence impacts millions of women, families, and communities across the country. Escalating levels of gun violence, combined with recent court decisions, means advocacy efforts for increased gun safety measures are even more critical.

Abusers with firearms are five times more likely to kill their female victims and guns further exacerbate the power and control dynamic commonly used by abusers to inflict emotional abuse and exert coercive control over their victims.

graphical representation from Everytown Against Gun Violence showing the US gun homicide rate is 26 times that of other high-income countries.

A renewed sense of urgency:

In February 2023, a three-judge panel of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals found that the federal law prohibiting a person subject to qualifying domestic violence protection orders from possessing, receiving, shipping or transporting firearms to be unconstitutional — threatening many gun safety laws.

This decision in US v Rahimi follows the Supreme Court’s ruling in the Bruen case which will threaten many gun safety laws by requiring a plain reading of the Second Amendment instead of the two-part test established in the 2008 Heller decision which required examination of both historical precedent and compelling government interests (eg. safety).

On June 21, 2024, the Supreme Court reversed US v Rahimi, a ruling from the Fifth Circuit that struck down three decades of federal law banning abusers under a domestic violence protective order from owning a gun. This decision will protect the lives of women across America experiencing intimate partner violence. Read SCCADVASA’s statement.

Why does this decision matter to victims/survivors?

  • People who use violence against intimate partners and family members use firearms to exert power and control through using them to threaten victims.
  • Firearms are the weapon of choice for intimate partner violence, with the risk of homicide increasing by up to five times if there is one or more firearms in the home.
  • Community safety: bystanders, including law enforcement officers, killed during domestic violence homicides are usually killed by an offender with a gun.
  • This decision places the rights of violent offenders to continue to access firearms over the rights of the victim and undermine the relief afforded by Orders of Protection which are only granted after due process.
  • Common sense gun safety laws that restrict dangerous abusers from legally accessing firearms are critical to increasing safety.

Click here to view the U.S. v. Rahimi Summary and Impact Overview from the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Battered Women’s Justice Project.

Take Action: Use Your Voice and Stand With Survivors

EVERY month, an average of 70 women are shot and killed by an intimate partner. Nearly 1 million women alive today have reported being shot or shot at by intimate partners, and over 4.5 million women have reported being threatened with a gun by an intimate partner.

And beyond the daily toll of this problem, in more than half of mass shootings over the past decade, the perpetrator shot a current or former intimate partner or family member as part of the rampage. The ripple effects of firearms in the hands of an abuser extend far beyond the intimate relationship—affecting children who witness or live with it and the family members, coworkers, and law enforcement officers who respond to it.

Everyone knows someone who has been a victim of domestic and sexual violence. We ask that you speak up and stand with survivors — ensuring their voices are heard at the State House and on Capitol Hill — by encouraging lawmakers to enact “red flag” laws and take additional action to keep guns out of the hands of violent individuals and abusers.

Contact Your State Legislators
Contact Your Members of Congress

Important Resources and Information on this Issue